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what is ftalates ?

What are phthalates?


For several years now we’ve been hearing about the mysterious, ubiquitous, and hard-to-spell chemical compounds know as phthalates (pronounced f-THAL-lates), which are used to make plastics flexible and as lubricants in cosmetics.

There are many types of phthalates…..

  • DBP (di-n-butyl phthalate)
  • DEP (diethyl phthalate)
  • DEHP di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate or bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
  • BzBP (benzylbutyl phthalate)
  • DMP (dimethyl phthalate).

Most of us have the general idea that we should avoid phthalates, but we aren’t certain why, and (more importantly) how.

Where Are Phthalates Used?

You’ve probably heard that phthalates are commonly found plastic food and beverage containers, but it turns out their presence extends far beyond that. In fact, about a billion pounds of phthalates are produced every year, and their use is so widespread that they are nearly impossible to avoid entirely. Indeed, 95% of us have detectable levels of phthalates in our urine.

You’ll find phthalates in perfume, hair spray, deodorant, almost anything fragrance (from shampoo to air freshener to laundry detergent), nail polish, insect repellent, carpeting, vinyl flooring, the coating on wires and cables, shower curtains, rain coats, plastic toys, and your car’s steering wheel, dashboard, and gear shift. (When you smell “new car,” you’re smelling phthalates.) Medical devices are full of phthalates — they make IV drip bags and tubes soft, but unfortunately, DEHP is being pumped directly into the bloodstream of ailing patients.

Phthalates are found in our food and water, too. They are in dairy products, possibly from the plastic tubing used to milk cows. They are in meats (some phthalates are attracted to fat, so meats and cheese have high levels, although it’s not entirely clear how they are getting in to begin with). You’ll find phthalates in tap water that’s been tainted by industrial waste, and in the pesticides sprayed on conventional fruits and vegetables.

What Are the Effects of Phthalates?

As a result of this ubiquity, we are all ingesting, inhaling, and absorbing through our skin a significant phthalate load — which quickly moves to our bloodstream.

So why is this scary?

The effect of phthalates, especially on male reproductive development, has been observed since the 1940s, and phthalates are now widely known to be “endocrine disruptors.” So what does that mean? A frontline special explained that:

Hormones are chemical messengers that travel throughout the body coordinating complex processes like growth, metabolism, and fertility. They can influence the function of the immune system, and even alter behavior…In response to a signal from the brain, hormones are secreted directly into the blood by the glands that produce and store them. These glands make up what is known as the endocrine system. Chemicals that interfere with the function of hormones are therefore known as endocrine disruptors.

Phthalates are thought to mimic and displace hormones and interrupt their production. This can have a range of unpleasant effects.

Some examples:

• In 2009, a small Taiwanese study on humans showed that phthalates passed from mother to fetus through the placenta affect female babies, sometimes resulting in abnormal sexual development.

• Pregnant women exposed to phthalates in the workplace were found to be two to three times more likely to deliver boys with the reproductive birth defect known as hypospadias.

• A 2007 study found that higher levels of phthalates detected in the urine of adult males was associated with increased waist circumference and insulin resistance.

Where Phthalates Are Not Found

Weirdly, not all soft plastic contains phthalates. Most plastic wraps, water bottles, and food containers are phthalate-free. But don’t breathe a sigh of relief just yet. Plastic wrap, for instance, typically contains DEHA (di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate), which — while not technically a phthalate — is chemically very close to DEHP and has been associated with liver tumors in rodent studies.

5 Ways to Avoid Phthalates

Eliminating all phthalate exposure might be impossible, but we can certainly greatly reduce the burden with the following strategies.

1. Stay away from fragrance. Unfortunately, you will very rarely see phthalates listed on a product label — When it comes to cosmetics, the word “fragrance” or “parfum” on a label almost always means phthalates. What you want to see are claims like: “no synthetic fragrance” or “scented with only essential oils” or “phthalate-free.” And always use only natural air fresheners.

2. Ditch hand-me-down plastic toys. Happily, several types of phthalates are now banned from children’s toys, teethers, bottles, and feeding products. But these laws only took place in 2009, so anything made of soft plastic that was manufactured before that probably contains phthalates.

3. Avoid plastic whenever possible, and never heat your food in plastic. Foods that are higher in fat — meats andcheeses, for instance — are particularly prone to chemical leaching. Opt for glass food storage containers, and choose bottles and sippy and snack cups that are mostly stainless steel, silicone, or glass.

4. Eat organic produce, meat, and dairy. Phthalates are used in pesticides and are also found in sewage sludge that is used in conventional agriculture. Neither is permitted on certified organic produce, and pesticide-treated animal feeds are not allowed in organic meat and dairy production.

5. Invest in a water filter. Granular activated carbon filters should remove DEHP, which is the type of phthalate used in water pipes. Unfortunately, some sources claim that a percentage of water may pass through the carbon without filtration. A nano filtration system is more expensive but possibly more reliable way to filter out phthalates.

2c211e27864de77640408cf953e433bdAt Natural Scentzations 15% of our products we use fragrance oils that are phthalates and paraben free.  The other 85% we use pure essential oils to fragrant our products.

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